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Effective Speaking - Communicating in Speech (Hardcover)
Stock photo. Search Results Results 1 of All overseas shipping is via Airmail. Very Good. Used; Good. Effective Speaking provides the hard scientific information about audience psychology, text preparation, presentation methods, voice production, body language and persuasive advocacy which will help would-be speakers improve their performance.
The emphasis throughout is on practical self-help, on methods which have been shown to work, with clear explanations of just why they are effective. Printed Pages: Bookseller: BookVistas , India Seller rating:. Customers who searched for ISBN: might also be interested in this item:.
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We may ship from Asian regions for inventory purpose. International Edition. Bookseller: Sanctum Books , India Seller rating:. Ships with Tracking Number! May not contain Access Codes or Supplements. May be ex-library. Buy with confidence, excellent customer service! Exceptional customer service. Standard shipping is ground. All deliveries in business days. When someone is frightened or nervous, a common symptom is tension in the neck and shoulders. This occurs because, when under pressure, we tend to breath faster. This means we inhale plenty of air, but there is not enough time to exhale fully and relax, so we do not get the full benefit.
By using full lung capacity the breath will support the voice and the voice will become richer, fuller and stronger. This will benefit individuals who have a small voice and who worry that they cannot be heard when speaking to a group of people. Volume is controlled in the abdomen not in the throat, so breathing to full strength will allow for greater control of the voice. Breathing deeply and rhythmically has a calming and therapeutic effect as it releases tension and promotes relaxation.
Speech, Speaker, and Audience
People who are relaxed are more balanced, receptive and confident. It is no coincidence that many religions use rhythmic breathing techniques such as meditation, yoga and silent contemplation, and vocal release in the form of chants, mantras or hymn singing as aids to their devotions. By easing physical tension, mental stress decreases and the mind is effectively freed to follow creative pursuits. Depending on how you feel after several days of doing this exercise, extend the count of the out-going breath from three to four, five and six gradually building up to ten before you need to take another breath.
Then count out loud on the out-going breath from one to ten. Repeat five times. Our Communication Skills eBooks. Learn more about the key communication skills you need to be a more effective communicator. Our eBooks are ideal for anyone who wants to learn about or develop their interpersonal skills and are full of easy-to-follow, practical information.
The following three core elements of vocal production need to be understood for anyone wishing to become an effective speaker:. This is not a question of treating the voice like the volume control on the TV remote. Some people have naturally soft voices and physically cannot bellow. Additionally, if the voice is raised too much, tonal quality is lost. Instead of raising the voice, it should be ' projected out '.
Support the voice with lots of breath - the further you want to project the voice out, the more breath you need. It also needs to come from the diaphragm, not the throat. When talking to a group or meeting, it is important not to aim your talk to the front row or just to the people nearest you.
Instead, you need to consciously project what you have to say to those furthest away. Some people tend to speak through clenched teeth and with little movement of their lips.
It is this inability to open mouths and failure to make speech sounds with precision that is the root cause of inaudibility. The sound is locked into the mouth and not let out. To have good articulation it is important to unclench the jaw, open the mouth and give full benefit to each sound you make, paying particular attention to the ends of words. This will also help your audience as a certain amount of lip-reading will be possible. To make speech effective and interesting, certain techniques can be applied. However, it is important not to sound false or as if you are giving a performance.
Words convey meaning, but the way that they are said reflects feelings and emotions. Vocal variety can be achieved by variations in:.
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Pace: This is the speed at which you talk. If speech is too fast, then listeners will not have time to assimilate what is being said. It is also a good idea to vary the pace - quickening up at times and then slowing down — because this will help to maintain interest. If you drop your voice to almost a whisper as long as it is projected for a sentence or two, it will make your audience suddenly alert. Be careful not to overuse this technique, though, or it will lose its impact. This does not mean your voice has to swoop and dive all over the place in an uncontrolled manner.
Try to make the talk interesting. Remember that when you are nervous or excited, your vocal chords tense and shorten, causing the voice to get higher. Emphasise certain words and phrases within the talk to convey their importance and help to add variety. They can be used for effect to highlight the preceding statement or to gain attention before an important message. Pauses mean silence for a few seconds. Listeners interpret meaning during pauses so have the courage to stay silent for up to five seconds — dramatic pauses like this convey authority and confidence.
Before any important speaking situation, whether it is an appointment, meeting or talk, it is beneficial to have a voice warm-up. The voice is an instrument - no musician arrives at a concert hall and launches into Beethoven without first tuning up. The length of time and frequency of a warm-up is up to you and will depend on how much speaking you need to do.
There is more about using your voice effectively on our page non-verbal communication: face and voice. Tone of voice, pace and emphasis are all part of non-verbal communication. However, your body language is also important.
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This includes how you stand, your facial expressions, the way you use your hands to emphasise your speech, and even whether and with whom you make eye contact. There is more about how to use body language to communicate effectively in our page on Body Language. This includes considering how far away you are from your audience, and therefore whether you need to exaggerate your gestures to make them clearer.
Perhaps the most important aspect of effective communication is congruence. For communication to be effective, your non-verbal communication needs to reinforce your words: the two must say the same thing. You may therefore need to put some thought into how you want to use body language and other non-verbal cues. This is particularly important if you are trying to get across a difficult or unwelcome message. Search SkillsYouNeed:. We'll never share your email address and you can unsubscribe at any time.
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Effective Speaking See also: Conversational Skills. Aspects of Effective Speaking There are three main elements of effective speaking The words you use. Your voice. Your other non-verbal communication, particularly body language. Accents Regional and ethnic accents are part of individual personality and add a unique element to the way that you speak. An exercise to improve public speaking Try recording your own voice in an informal setting, such as at home. An exercise to help develop your effective speaking skills: Find a document to read, something about two pages in length - the first few pages of a book would work well.