Ramirez Mayans Journal of Tropical Pediatrics. Molina,Juan A. Santin Parasitology Research. Blastocystis : Taxonomy, biology and virulence. Trop Parasitol ; Figure 1: a Vacuolar forms of Blastocystis having a large centrally placed vacuole showing extensive variation in size arrows , b Granular forms with distinct granules filling the central body, c Amoeboid form with characteristic pseudopodia, d Cyst forms.
Note the smaller size and the characteristic refractile cyst wall surrounded by loose irregular outer coat. Reproduced from Kevin S. Tan reference 1 with permission Click here to view. Table 1: Occurrence of the various morphological forms of Blastocystis in vivo and in vitro Click here to view. Life Cycle and Mode of Reproduction. The vacuolar form c1 can transform into the granular form c2 or the amoeboid form c3 and vice versa. The vacuolar form multiplies by binary fission other modes of reproduction such as plasmotomy and budding can also occur.
Advances in Parasitology, Volume 48
The vacuolar form undergoes encystation in the lumen of the large intestine to produce the cyst form which is shed in the faeces Click here to view. Virulence and Clinical Significance. Table 2: The reported clinical manifestations of Blastocystis infection Click here to view. Tan KS.
New insights on classification, identification, and clinical relevance of Blastocystis spp. Clin Microbiol Rev ; Terminology for Blastocystis subtypes: A consensus. Trends Parasitol ; Scanlan PD. Blastocystis : Past pitfalls and future perspectives.
Zierdt CH. Blastocystis hominis : Past and future. Protozoan characteristics of Blastocystis hominis. Am J Clin Pathol ; Human parasite finds taxonomic home.
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Nature ; Blastocystis elongation factor-1alpha: Genomic organization, taxonomy and phylogenetic relationships. Parasitology ; Phylogenetic position of Blastocystis hominis and of stramenopiles inferred from multiple molecular sequence data. J Eukaryot Microbiol ; Seven gene phylogeny of heterokonts. Protist ; Cavalier-Smith T. A revised six-kingdom system of life. Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc ; Molecular phylogenies of Blastocystis isolates from different hosts: Implications for genetic diversity, identification of species, and zoonosis.
J Clin Microbiol ; Morphological differences in Blastocystis cysts-an indication of different species? Parasitol Res ; Electron microscopy of surface structures of Blastocystis sp. Stensvold CR.
Blastocystis -genetic diversity and molecular methods for diagnosis and epidemiology. Cytochrome-free mitochondria of an anaerobic protozoan: Blastocystis hominis. J Protozool ; Organelles in Blastocystis that blur the distinction between mitochondria and hydrogenosomes. Curr Biol ; Lipid biosynthesis by axenic strains of Blastocystis hominis. Blastocystis hominis , a long-misunderstood intestinal parasite.
WO2015001383A1 - Peptides and methods for the detection of leishmaniasis - Google Patents
Parasitol Today ; Study of the dynamics of Blastocystis hominis reproduction in vitro. Bull Exp Biol Med ; Description of an improved method for Blastocystis hominis culture and axenization. Generation time and growth rate of the human intestinal parasite Blastocystis hominis. Programmed cell death in a human intestinal parasite, Blastocystis hominis.
Do Blastocystis hominis colony forms undergo programmed cell death? Metronidazole induces programmed cell death in the protozoan parasite Blastocystis hominis. Microbiology ; Apoptosis in Blastocystis spp.
A cyst-like stage of Blastocystis hominis. Int J Parasitol ; Development of Blastocystis hominis cysts into vacuolar forms in vitro. Ultrastructure of Blastocystis hominis in human stool samples. Blastocystis hominis revisited.
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A survey of Blastocystis in domestic chickens. Ultrastructural variation of Blastocystis hominis stocks in culture. Morphological diversity of Blastocystis hominis in sodium acetate-acetic acid-formalin-preserved stool samples stained with iron hematoxylin. Histochemical detection of carbohydrates of Blastocystis hominis. Light and electron microscopic localization of lipids in Blastocystis hominis. J Electron Microsc Tokyo ; Endocytosis in cultures of Blastocystis hominis. Protozoan programmed cell death: Insights from Blastocystis deathstyles. Observations on the surface coat of Blastocystis hominis.
A multiple fission-like mode of asexual reproduction in Blastocystis hominis.
Multiple reproductive processes in Blastocystis : Proceed with caution. Ultrastructure of Blastocystis hominis. Z Parasitenkd ; Studies of Blastocystis hominis. Blastocystis hominis : Axenic cultivation. Exp Parasitol ; Amoeboid form of Blastocystis hominis -A detailed ultrastructural insight. Elucidation of the life cycle of the intestinal protozoan Blastocystis hominis.
Ultrastructural insights into morphology and reproductive mode of Blastocystis hominis. Predominance of amoeboid forms of Blastocystis hominis in isolates from symptomatic patients. Ultrastructure of Blastocystis hominis cysts. Scanning electron microscopy of Blastocystis hominis cysts. Study on morphology of Blastocystis hominis in culture and from diarrhea patients.
WOA1 - Peptides and methods for the detection of leishmaniasis - Google Patents
Fecal-oral transmission of the cyst form of Blastocystis hominis in rats. Vdovenko AA. Blastocystis hominis : Origin and significance of vacuolar and granular forms. Blastocystis infection in Malaysia: Evidence of waterborne and human-to-human transmissions among the Proto-Malay, Negrito and Senoi tribes of Orang Asli. Parasit Vectors ; Comparison of microscopy, culture, and conventional polymerase chain reaction for detection of Blastocystis sp. Am J Trop Med Hyg ; In vitro culture of Blastocystis hominis in three liquid media and its usefulness in the diagnosis of Blastocystosis.